Adaptive Modeling

November 23rd, 2014

To avoid normative assumptions of the model builders being implemented into the models, Canadian ecologist Crawford S. Holling developed the concept of adaptive modeling, which builds on resilience rather than equilibrium for a complex system to work.


Model experiments such as those conducted by the Club of Rome and many other groups during the 1970s raised issues of global interdependencies and universal interactions between human, technological, and natural systems for the first time. However, due to the lack of dynamic data and limited knowledge about the nature of these interactions and interdependencies, global models implemented primarily the normative assumptions of the model builders into the models.